• June 20, 2019

Gary Gerstle traces the forces of civic and racial nationalism, arguing that both profoundly American Crucible: Race and Nation in the Twentieth Century. The dialectical tension between these two ideals lies at the heart of Gary Gerstle’s monograph, American Crucible. Much like E. J. Hobsbawm’s analysis of the. American Crucible: Race and Nation in the Twentieth Century By Gary Gerstle Paperback, pages. Princeton University Press List price.

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He made very good use of his sources, though at times neglected to cite statements made that clearly required it. Liberal reformers began arguing ameriacn corporations were occluding individual opportunity for the masses and that a regulatory state was now necessary to restore faith in America or in what the liberal intellectual Herbert Croly called “the promise of American life.

amsrican Since it is that racism that spawned this racial tribalism in the first place, as the racism ebbs, so will the perceived need to identify more strongly by race than by nationality. For that, we turn to a moment in when that nation, in a victorious war against Spain and under the spell of Theodore Roosevelt’s heroism, can plausibly be said to have been born.

Excerpt: ‘American Crucible’ : NPR

Article PDF first page preview. Also, as I mentioned earlier, projecting what dead people would think about specific modern events was unnecessary. Refresh and try again. The trigger was the civil rights revolution that began in the s and reached its climax in the s. New Deal policies also encouraged the deployment of civic nationalist discourse as a language of radical protest, thereby justifying unions and other left-leaning institutions as statements of American patriotism rather than attributing them to the subversive international conspiracies of the Cold War era.

In this book, I argue that the pursuit of these two powerful and contradictory ideals — the civic and the racial — has decisively shaped the history of the American nation in the twentieth century.

He fails to include broader subjects, such as gender, social class, and religion, ethnic and cultural divisions that are so important to American society and play just as important a role in American Nationalism. Selected pages Title Page. Steve Lazar rated it it was amazing May 05, Your purchase helps support NPR programming. Weston rated it it was amazing Jun 04, After Theodore Roosevelt led his Rough Riders to victory during the Spanish American War, he boasted of the diversity of his men’s origins- from the Kentucky backwoods to the Irish, Italian, and Jewish neighborhoods of northeastern cities.

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Radicalizing the Civic Nationalist Creed.

More radical activists increasingly saw the civic nationalist creed as hollow because liberals were too incremental in their approach to racial and social justice.

But, as with the aftermath of World War I, racial nationalism rose cruciblle its pre-war slumber. Gerstle structures his book using gfrstle known historical figures to illustrate his point, particularly in the person former president Theodore Roosevelt.

Bygeratle the civic nor racial traditions of American nationalism retained enough integrity ametican serve as rallying points for those who wished to put the nation back together. But that is getting ahead of the story. Makes me want to teach a US history class around the question rcucible what unites and divides Americans given that the current academic and teaching focus is currently on division.

Over the last twenty years we have seen attempts to modify the constitution to discriminate against gays, to codify a religious view of how women control their bodies, to guarantee prayer in the schools, to codify expressions of religious belief in our national oaths, and to submit scientific curriculum to religious interpretations.

Books of the Week. Slavery after Rome, — The Case of Immigration Reform. Indeed, by demonstrating how these two beliefs can be so strongly held to within the mind of a single man, Gerstle illustrates how they could have existed side-by-side in modern society without one simply overriding the other.

He puts forth Teddy Roosevelt as the founder of 20th century civic nationalism, albeit a racially limited version. And yet, for all of its appeal to the civic principles of inclusion, this liberal legacy was grounded in amefican culture, gerrstle it difficult in particular for Jews and Italians and especially for Asians and African Americans to gain acceptance. Nathalie rated it liked it May 20, Although I don’t quite ameriacn with every aspect of Gerstle’s tidy argument, this is an impressive and thought-provoking history of the intertwined and competing notions of race and identity in 20th century US history.


To ask other readers questions about American Crucibleplease sign up. Open Preview See a Problem? The history from the 60’s to the present is glossed quickly and to me was wrong in many instances. Beginning with an analysis of Theodore Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Square Deal platforms, historian Gerstle examines how the concepts of race and nation influenced U.

Excerpt: ‘American Crucible’

He doesn’t show that ordinary people have actually given up on these ideas. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism talks about imagined communities bound together by limit Virtually every issue we deal with as a country is, at its base, influenced by our view of national identity, and the nature of citizenship.

In this view war offers a way for the country to test itself, and to fight for its most important values. Amfrican users should sign in with their email address. Immediately after the war he was effusive in his praise for their valor, but as time went by he began to denigrate and downplay their contribution.

Gary Gerstle traces the forces of civic and racial nationali This sweeping history of twentieth-century America follows the changing and often conflicting ideas about the fundamental nature of American society: Group Position, Public Opinion, and the Wisconsin Contents Crufible Roosevelts Racialized Nation In this I disagree. Roosevelt’s vision of a hybrid and superior “American race,” strengthened by war, would inspire the social, diplomatic, and economic policies of American liberals for decades.

TR thought that some racial groups, especially Asians and blacks, were simply not capable of being forged into a common American citizen, so he left them out of the American civic nation. Krista rated it it was amazing Aug 31, Highly readable synthesis of the tensions between American freedom and white American racism.

They gerstld subordinate, expel, or kill those identified as enemies of the nation and protect and assist those who form the citizenry or the Volk.