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PDF | On Jan 1, , Piotr Gąsiorowski and others published Review of Katamba, Francis. An introduction to phonology. An Introduction to Phonology has 29 ratings and 3 reviews. This is a practical introduction to generative phonology for the novice, reflecting the trends. An introduction to phonological theory placed within the framework of recent mainstream generative phonology. The book is divided into two.

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None of your libraries hold this item. Either of these actions has the effect of modifying the shape of the resonating chamber in the vocal tract in much the same way as differences in size and shape of wind instruments affect the notes which they produce. Compare the voicing of the words on the same line carefully and see if there is some ab of pattern.

In this section:

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These sounds share the phonetic characteristics of having very significant obstruction in the oral tract and of being typically voiceless.

You will be able to verify that in each case the first word in each pair is said with spread unrounded lips while the second is produced with the lips rounded: This does not mean that people generally question the exist- ence of a limited inventory of English sounds – on the contrary, the general principle that speech is appropriately represented by means of an alphabet of a few dozen letters is usually taken for granted; but people think of English as a language whose alphabet regrettably fails to represent the spoken language accurately, partly because it needs a few more letters than it has got.

Let us ignore for one moment the problems of segmenting an utterance into a sequence of sounds. Recall from Chapter 1 that [h] is a voiceless glottal fricative and [rj] a voiced velar nasal. But because they lack phonetic similarity, [h] and [rj] cannot be grouped together as allophones of the same phoneme.

They also tend to display similar phonological behaviour. All these systems are triangular: Rounded sounds are produced with a pursing or narrowing of the lip orifice. Firstly, even a cursory inspection of the phonology of any language will reveal that the phonological behaviour of phonemes is largely determined by the phonetic features which they are made up of.


Admit- tedly, although the range of physically possible sounds is infinite, within any one language only a small, finite set of sounds is used. This gesture, which is associated with voiceless- ness and aspiration, is absent in nonspread sounds.

The shape -al is the base form. There exist languages such as French and Swedish in which it is permissible for front vowels to be rounded and other languages such as Ivatan, spoken in the Philippines, and Vietnamese in which back vowels may be unrounded. Traditionally, for the description of vowels a different set of concepts has been found necessary.

Introduction to Phonology : Francis Katamba :

However, the latter part of the book is devoted to topics of current interest. The bilabial fricative [P] alternates with a plosive: Eudes Moreira rated it really liked it Jul 26, Phonology in the wider context Bibliography. Published London ; New York: Generally word final voicing is so atten- uated gy it is barely detectable.

The University of Melbourne. Very special thanks also go to my editors and colleagues Mr. More than anything, the ability to speak, the ability to use language is what sets us apart from the rest of the animal kingdom.

It is not easy to feel exactly where vowels are made. Francls it is realised as [il-] or as something else depends on the first consonant of jatamba root to which it is prefixed. At first sight, these two sounds appear to be in comp- lementary distribution, with [h] occurring syllable initially followed by a vowel as in hat introdction ahead and [n] occurring in consonant clusters and syllable finally as in longer and long.

The Sounds of Language Henry Rogers. That is the subject of the next chapter. You might argue that it would not be surprising if it turned out that illiterate people or literate speakers na languages like Chinese and the American Indian language Cherokee, which have non-alphabetic writing systems, do not view speech in terms of segments.

You will notice that the sounds tend to cluster into two groups, rather in the same way that the holes made in the dartboard would cluster into two groups if the players were attempting to aim for one or other of two points selected as targets.


An Introduction to Phonology

The University of Melbourne Library. Are there any pre-set limits within which differences between languages occur? Supply examples of English words with different meanings which only differ in that where one word has [1] the other has [r], all the other sounds being exactly the same. No two languages have exactly the same inventory of phonemes which are realised by the same set of allophones; no two languages have exactly the same phonological rules regulating the deployment of their sounds.

The University of Queensland. Your summary should include the following points: In the next few paragraphs the objectives of this theory are explained. I refer here to the way that alphabetic transcrip- tion traditional orthography and phonemic transcription alike treats successive segments of speech-sound as single atomic elements, transcribed with one symbol each, rather than as bundles of simultaneous elements, each element being a value of a particular phonetic variable.

This is because, typically, velar consonants preceding front vowels tend to be made with contact farther forward on the soft palate than velar consonants preceding relatively back vowels section 2.

An Introduction to Phonology – Francis Katamba – Google Books

For the most part, phonological alternation in the shape of a mor- pheme has a phonetic motivation and that motivation tends to phonoology similar in different languages. The distinction between a fronted k and a more back k cannot be used to contrast word meaning in English.

That this is the case will be clear if you utter the vowels on their own one after the other. Phonetic features may be multivalued but phonological features need francks be. How is linguistic knowledge acquired by infants?