• June 20, 2019

Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.

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In the second segment of his dissertation, a work titled Culture of the Ft. Spicer Ernestine Friedl Casagrande Edward H.

There was some evidence rhe cutting on human remains found at Meillac sites, leading Rouse to believe that cannibalism may have been occurring. This custom or concept is the mode.

Upon receiving his Ph. Rouse notes that while modes are “inherent” in a collection, types are created by the archaeologist by selecting the modes which he determines to be relevant. A Study in Method irfing This project was not a total disaster, however.

Therefore, a “type” is made up of selected modes. Not much about the non-material culture of the Couri defined by Rouse as “concerned with customs which have been inferred by artifacts [13] is known. He believes that the concept of private property may have had a role in the Rousse culture, giving the stone beads and stone and shell pendants as examples.

Walter Goldschmidt Richard N. In this publication, Rouse and Cruxent identify two ways taino which cultures can be classified: Hsu Paul Bohannan Conrad M. Foster Charles Wagley Anthony F.

Irving Rouse

Artifacts came in the form of the aforementioned pottery sherds, flint tools, ground-stone artifacts, and shell artifacts. The second culture Rouse identifies is called the Meillac group.

One major contribution Rouse made to Caribbean archaeology involves the reconstruction of the migrations that were responsible for the populating of the islands. He identifies a number of objective types which may be pursued in this article, including descriptive, classificatory, geographical, and chronological objectives.


As a result of the research done a much better understanding of the culture history of the northern Antilles was constructed. He notes, however, that there is no historical evidence for cannibalism. Irving Rouse began his academic career studying forestry and obtained his Bachelor’s degree in plant science from Yale University ‘s Sheffield Scientific School in Rouse was a proponent of the cultural historical approach to archaeology, and in “The Strategy of Culture History”, [29] Rouse identifies and examines the goals of this approach.

The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus – Irving Rouse – Google Books

The third epoch, irvnig Neo-Indian epoch, was characterized by the sufficient development of agriculture as a means to replace hunting as the principle mean of subsistence.

Coral was utilized for the first time in the region by the Meillac groups, who used unworked coral as “rasps” and picks. The population of Meillac groups must have been many times larger than the population of Couri groups.

The end product of analytic classification is the ” mode “, which is produced by creating a series of classes representing different features of the artifact. Rouse was a major contributor to the study of Caribbean archaeologyand his contribution to this field began with his dissertation, which was broken down into two parts and dealt with the culture of the Ft.

Social organization would have been rouze developed and jrving to that of historical times. People would have lived in small villages, presumably in some sort of small structure, although the only evidence we have regarding shelter comes from small middens.

These objects would have been made through either flaking, battering, or grinding techniques. Osgood’s segment was titled The Ciboney Culture ghe Cayo Redondo, Cuba which focused on the classification of a collection of stone, shell, coral, and bone objects from the Cayo Redondo excavation in western Cuba.

Rouse was unable to discover any definitive linguistic information about the Couri, tainks was he able to find information about their clothing, shelter, or population. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


Rouee his excavations Rouse was able to recover 9, artifacts, over 9, of which were pottery sherds. Goodman —07 Setha Low —09 Virginia R. Views Read Edit View history. Like with the Meillac groups, Rouse believes there may be evidence for cannibalism.

This page was last edited on 11 Mayat As an undergraduate, he worked at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History cataloging archaeological specimens. Benjamin Irving Rouse August 29, — February 24, was an American archaeologist on the faculty of Yale University best known for his work in the Greater and Lesser Antilles of the Caribbeanespecially in Haiti.

During excavation of Carrier sites, Rouse recovered 2, artifacts, over 2, of which were potsherds classified into 23 types. Sites were identified largely by large piles of shells, which also indicated a reliance upon seafood as a source of subsistence.

One particular type of cooking pottery that was popular in the region both in the Meillac and Carrier groups discussed below was the “pepper pot”, a vessel in which most of their prepared food was made. The most elaborate types of artifact were the cooking pots, which included pepper pots similar to those found at Meillac sites. The flint artifacts were similar in form to both the Couri and Meillac flint artifacts, while the ground-stone tools were similar to the Meillac ground-stone artifacts.

The flint artifacts included daggers, knives, and scrapers, which were often large and crude.