Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
Discovering a Racial Problem in Brazil. There are undoubtedly many cases of individuals who have lost the ability to speak a particular language but who nevertheless consider themselves, and are considered by others, as members of an indigenous group.
Latinos and the Economy: Rodollfo these models the probability that a child is classified as indigenous is assumed to be a linear function rodolffo the set of predictors.
Such movement complicates the analysis of social disparities, particularly if the odds of crossing the racial and ethnic boundaries are systematically related to the outcomes being measured. Children of indigenous parents are much less likely to be classified as indigenous according to language proficiency, especially when their parents have higher levels of educational attainment.
I will also compare the extent to which each classification system leads to a shift away from the indigenous category for children of parents with higher educational attainment. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web.
Speaks an indigenous language. English Choose a language for shopping. Hall Gillette, Patrinos Harry A.
Choosing Identities in America. Nevertheless, findings from this literature may help us formulate specific hypotheses about the intergenerational loss of indigenous language proficiency, and hence indigenous identification according to the language criterion used by the Mexican census. Due to the subjective nature of judgments about physical appearance, these racial categories are characterized by a high degree of ambiguity.
Female children are no more likely to than male children to speak the language, while older children are only slightly more likely to speak it. Learn more about Amazon Prime. Using language proficiency as a criterion for indigenous classification not only results in a lower estimate of the overall size of the indigenous population, but as demonstrated in the second part of the statistical analysis, it also leads to a higher estimate of the socioeconomic disadvantage faced by indigenous children.
Second-generation assimilation and exclusion in France, Germany, and the United States. This loss of indigenous classification based on language proficiency for children of more highly educated parents is consistent with findings from research on minority language use among second generation immigrant children in the U.
Older children may have gained a greater understanding of an indigenous language. In contrast to Brazil, in Indo-Latin American countries such as Mexico the primary socially-recognized distinction between the indigenous and non-indigenous population is not based on phenotypical differences such as differences in skin color.
In contrast to Brazil, the Mexican government has not implemented affirmative action policies that might encourage individuals of higher socioeconomic status to identify themselves and their children as indigenous. Self-identification is usually considered the preferred method for ethnic classification etncia as it allows individuals greater freedom to identify themselves as they wish.
Pride in their indigenous heritage is not the only possible reason why parents might seek to identify their children as indigenous.
Algunas reflexiones sobre ‘lo Tepehua’ como dilema cultural
A similar pattern is found across generations: Stevens argues that intergenerational language shift in the U. The World Bank; Percent children of indigenous parents classified as indigenous by years of education of mother a. Being a Tzotzil or Mixteco eetnica means being indigenous for the rest of Mexican society.
Similarly, Francis and Tannuri-Pianto find that higher family socioeconomic status stavenhaggen associated with lighter racial self-classification among Brazilian college students. In his classic work on the sociology of curstion, Fishman Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Because individuals with higher levels of education will generally be more exposed to the multicultural message and also be more receptive to it, we may expect a greater retention of the indigenous identity among those that are more educated.
Ethnic and racial boundaries also vary greatly in the extent to which they clearly demarcate categories of individuals. Current Issues in Language and Planning.
On the other hand, because it is less restrictive, proxy self-identification might retain those individuals who have lost the ability to speak an indigenous language but who nevertheless feel connected to and proud of their indigenous heritage. The results from Model 4 further indicate that the association between parental education and the indigenous identification of children varies by level of urbanization. Other programs target entire communities considered to be indigenous CDIthus providing little incentive for individuals to claim an indigenous identity.
Editorial Nuestro Tiempo; Using data from national household surveys, for example, Schwartzman demonstrates that Brazilian children of parents with higher levels of education tend to be classified in whiter categories.
An indigenous identity constitutes a particular impediment for acceptance into the middle and upper classes Colby and van den Berghe ; Pitt-Rivers ; Nutini Patterns of Race in the Americas.
Muere Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo mexicano defensor de los derechos indígenas
By contrast, only A Revised and Updated Edition. Similarly, for children of indigenous migrants to urban areas, identifying as indigenous may be based on an attachment to a few cultural symbols without a personal connection to other members of the group, and with few social consequences.